Angina – Risk Factors for Angina

Let’s discuss the disease called angina.

To begin with, it is not a disease. It is a symptom. Symptom of atherosclerosis vessels supplying blood to the heart. It turns out that the vessels affected by atherosclerosis, can not provide an adequate supply of blood the heart muscle under conditions of high stress (stress, exercise). Disturbed nutrition infarction, in other words – it appears ischemia. As a result, the person feels pain. This is angina.

The pain of angina has a sufficiently clear features:

burning pain, compressing;
location of pain – in the chest;
the pain may spread to the left arm, left shoulder, neck, and sometimes in the lower jaw, upper abdomen, right arm;
occurs during exercise, so to speak, her height (physical activity can serve as walking, especially in cold windy weather, climbing stairs after a heavy meal);
attack is at rest after administration of nitroglycerin;
duration of the attack no more than 15 minutes.
I must say that there are painless and angina. The so-called equivalents. They manifest a sense of shortness of breath, difficulty breathing.

Older people and people with diabetes can never feel pain during ischemia.

Risk factors for angina – a risk factor for atherosclerosis.

Fatal:

male sex;
age over 40 years;
burdened with a family inheritance.
Removable:

obesity;
sedentary lifestyle;
smoking;
high blood pressure.
Partially avoidable:

diabetes mellitus;
breach of the spectrum of lipoproteins.
It is clear as day, what with all removable factors must be fought. Partly avoidable causes – eliminate as much as possible. Here’s to you and Prevention!

Just do not think that if you have angina already available, and to deal with risk factors for later. You it is absolutely necessary. Otherwise, atherosclerosis progresses. Angina will appear at smaller and smaller loads. And if not – at rest. It is clear that sooner or later lead to myocardial infarction. This is a very terrible state may well be fatal.

People living with angina, it is necessary to carefully monitor your health and lifestyle. Need to constantly carry nitroglycerin.

You should not completely abandon the exercise. Simply, they must be properly dosed. This dosage should determine your doctor.

When do I need to call “ambulance”?

If this is the first in the life of angina.
If the chest pain does not stop within 5 minutes in the absence of physical exertion and after administration of nitroglycerin.