You probably have heard these words before. Usually they cause unpleasant emotions, fear.
It is no coincidence…
Myocardial infarction is one of the leading causes of death.
Over the past 20 years, mortality from myocardial infarction in men increased by 60%.He is also younger. Infarction in 30-year-old man who has little surprised.
So what kind of heart attack, and some of the attacks?
The myocardium is heart muscle, and heart attack – necrosis (necrosis of tissue). That is, we get a necrosis of cardiac muscle. It sounds even less happy, right? Now we can understand the essence of this phenomenon.
This necrosis. Hence the reason – the interruption of blood.
Myocardium, as well as all other tissues supplied with blood through the arteries. Violation of these cross-country artery – a violation of the blood supply to the myocardium – necrosis.
It should be mentioned that for the onset of a heart attack should be sharp and marked cross-disturbance of the arteries. The slow, gradual narrowing of the lumen leads to the manifestation of angina pectoris.
Most often, a sharp narrowing of the lumen of the artery blockage causes blood clots. This occurs against the background of atherosclerosis. Platelets begin to adhere to the surface of atherosclerotic plaque. Attracted to this business, and other blood cells. As a result, the whole company covers a vessel.
Another cause obstructions artery spasm is an her.
Imagine a situation – in the vessel is atherosclerotic plaque. By itself it does not impede blood flow. But there was some event (emotional stress, excess alcohol), which led to the spasm of the vessel.
Normal artery, atherosclerosis is not affected, of course, do not shrink enough to completely block. And now you, please – a critical breach in blood flow to the site of infarction.
Fertile background for the occurrence of myocardial infarction is hypertension, diabetes mellitus. These diseases contribute to damage to the vessel wall, provoke blood clots. And how smoking contributes to thrombosis!
Myocardial infarction is manifested primarily by pain.
The pain is very intense and unbearable. Burning, tearing. I remember a patient who described the pain as follows: “I felt like my chest is a huge bird that tries to break loose and tearing my chest his claws.”
Receiving nitroglycerin situation does not improve.
Typically, the pain is felt in the chest, giving the left arm, shoulder blade, left side of the neck. But there are exceptions – extreme pain in the stomach. The picture is very similar to the aggravation of peptic ulcer disease.
There are also painless heart attacks – in patients with diabetes, elderly people.
Other symptoms of acute myocardial infarction:
anxiety, expressed fear of death – despite the pain and weakness want to run somewhere, do something, certainly not worth it.
Should try to calm the person. IMMEDIATELY call an ambulance.
Denial of hospitalization for suspected myocardial infarction totally unacceptable.
For full treatment, preservation of human life must be treatment with drugs that are used only in a hospital under constant observation.
Infarction may be complicated by acute heart failure, fatal arrhythmia. This is a very real threat to human life, remember this.
It is quite clear that it is better to a heart attack his heart does not lead.
Be interested in from time to time with their health. Measure your blood pressure. There hypertension – do not ignore it. If you have diabetes, monitor glucose, avoid sharp fluctuations.
People who are exposed to the diagnosis of angina! You engage in the prevention of the God commanded. Take the necessary preparations, dosed physical load. Do not forget about the diet (as directed by your doctor). Forget it, finally, to smoke. Carry nitroglycerin continuously.
Despite the fact that for most patients, the outcome of myocardial favorable, a lot of stress to the body. The site of necrosis of heart muscle over time is replaced by scar tissue. This is not a complete myocardium. Take this seriously … and, perhaps, once again refuse a cigarette, and will show a green serpent fig.