A herniated disc, people often complain of shooting, stabbing pain at the base of the spine. It’s a pain to which no therapy – from steroids and painkillers before surgery – can not cope. In a world more and more people suffering from this problem. They are mainly localized pain in the lumbar region, is ambiguous and, therefore, do not indicate the cause. The two – ten percent of people experiencing pain in the lower back pain tend to become chronic, affecting the daily life.
What can cause back pain? To sort out this issue, you need to know about the most common causes of chronic lower back pain and prevention measures.
What triggers the degeneration of discs and herniated disc?
Why the back is the target for the pain? In essence, the lower back is subject to multiple mechanical stresses and strains. The reason is the weight of the upper body, which always puts pressure on the lower back.
The whole mass of the upper body support spine, consisting of more than 30 small bones – vertebrae, located one above the other. Disks are called spongiform fragments of cartilage located between all the vertebrae. They shall serve as shock absorbers, preventing vertebral bone rubbing against each other, thereby providing the flexibility and elasticity of the spine.
With age, these shock-absorbing discs gradually wear out and shrink, leading to a condition known as osteochondrosis. Discs can also be torn or injured. Sometimes relaxation disc can put pressure on its gel-like core – this is similar to the formation of a bubble on a car tire.
If you fly on a hill on the road, the tire is shot. In such case, a back pressure can lead to the formation of a herniated disk (also called offset or ruptured disc) with which the core disk bulges outwardly.
Sometimes this causes bulging of the disc material pressure on sensitive nerve roots, which send messages to the brain. The result could be an attack of excruciating pain. Patients report that every wrong move is accompanied by the so-called electric discharge in the pelvis.
A herniated disc in the lower back can put pressure on the nerves that extend into the spinal column. This usually causes the spread of pain in the buttocks and down the limbs. This condition is called sciatica (sciatica).
Other violations that trigger the onset of pain in the lower back
There are many causes of low back pain. Old injuries are a very common source of back pain and numbness. However, it usually takes several days later. Other causes of chronic pain are:
The tearing of the disc
Spondylolisthesis. Normal “wear and tear” and prevent tearing of the ligaments and joints to hold the spine in the correct position, especially with age. When the bell is moving more than it should, it can slide forward or top of another vertebra. When this happens, the bones can put pressure on the spinal nerves and induce pain.
Vertebral fractures caused by osteoporosis (brittle bones).
Spinal stenosis. The narrowing of the space around the spinal cord can put pressure on the nerve roots. The narrowing is caused by bony outgrowths – or spurs – which appear in osteoarthritis.
Scoliosis. Wrong bend the spine can cause back pain.
More rarely, pain in the lower back can be a symptom of a dangerous disease, such as diabetes or nerve entrapment. In the case of infringement of the nerve, the pain may be accompanied by symptoms such as fever, chills, excessive sweating at night or incontinence.